4th of July Trivia Quiz – Answers

1. Who designed the National Mall in Washington, D.C.? 

A. Pierre L’Enfant
B. George Washington
C. Thomas Jefferson
D. John Adams

Pierre L'Enfant (1754 - 1825)

Pierre L’Enfant
(1754 – 1825)

Answer: The Mall was originally envisioned by its designer, Pierre L’Enfant, as the foremost boulevard of the city, the so-called “Grand Avenue”.

 

2. Who was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence, and why is his signature so large?

A. George Washington
B. Patrick Henry
C. John Hancock
D. Thomas Jefferson
E. John Adams

Answer: John Hancock was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence. Legend has it that he made his name large and clear to make sure that King George III of England could read it without his spectacles!

 

Uncle Sam recruiting poster

James Montgomery Flagg created “the most famous poster in the world.

3. What famous character with a stars-and-stripes top hat has become a symbol of America?

A. Cat in The Hat
B. Uncle Sam
C. Captain America
D. Big Bird

Answer: Uncle Sam. The character was popularized during the War of 1812, when someone saw the initials “U.S.” on an army supply container and suggested that the shipments came from “Uncle Sam.”

 

4. On July 4th of what year did the 50-star American flag wave for the first time as Hawaii was granted statehood?

A. 1955
B. 1960
C. 1965
D. 1970

ANSWER: 1960

 

5. Which of our Founding Fathers created the blueprint for our Fourth of July celebrations by suggesting that the day be celebrated with “bonfires and illuminations from one end of this continent to the other” by succeeding generations of Americans?

A. George Washington
B. John Adams
C. Thomas Jefferson
D. John Hancock
E. Benjamin Franklin

ANSWER: John Adams

 

Fireworks in Washington DC

Fireworks in Washington DC
Photo © Capitol Concerts

6. What notable event occurred on July 4, 1848? 

 

A. Boston’s first fireworks display
B. The State of New York emancipates its slaves
C. Construction begins on the Washington Monument
D. Centennial celebrations are held in the United States
E. The first public Fourth of July reception at the White House

ANSWER: In Washington, D.C., in 1848, the laying of the cornerstone of the Washington Monument takes place with President James Madison, First Lady Dolly Madison and other VIPs in attendance.

 

7. About how many people were living in the colonies in July 1776?

A. 1.5 million
B. 22 million
C. 2 million
D. 2.5 million
E. 12 million

Answer: About 2.5 million people populated the 13 colonies when America declared its independence. Today, the U.S. population is estimated to be over 310.5 million.

 

President Calvin Coolidge was born on 4th of July.

Destiny? President Calvin Coolidge was born on 4th of July.

8. Only one president, Calvin Coolidge, was born on the Fourth of July. Three presidents died on that date. Who were they?

A. George Washington,Chester Arthur and James Monroe
B. Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson and Richard M. Nixon
C. Zachary Taylor, Ulysses Grant and Warren Harding
D. John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe
E. Harry Truman, Franklin Pierce and John Tyler

Answer: Presidents John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe all died on the Fourth.

 

9. What American president said, “We dare not forget that we are the heirs of that first revolution?”

A. George Washington
B. John F. Kennedy
C. Abraham Lincoln
D. Dwight Eisenhower
E. Franklin Roosevelt

Answer: President John F. Kennedy.

 

10. On July 4, 1976, Americans all over the country celebrated our nation’s 200th birthday. How many tons of fireworks were exploded in a magnificent display above the Washington Monument in Washington, DC?

A. 5
B. 24
C. 33

Answer: 33 tons of fireworks were exploded above the Washington Monument, along with laser beams that spelled out “1776-1976, Happy Birthday, USA”.

 

11. Which of John Philip Sousa’s compositions was designated the National March of the United States in 1987?

A. “The Liberty Bell”
B. “US Field Artillery”
C. “The Stars and Stripes Forever”
D. “The Washington Post March”

An act of Congress designated “The Stars and Stripes Forever” the National March of the United States.

 

12. When Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” in 1814, it immediately became popular with the public. When was it adopted as our national anthem?

A. 1798
B. 1812
C. 1954
D. 1865
E. 1931

Answer: “The Star-Spangled Banner” was named our national anthem on March 3, 1931, through an Act of Congress.

 

13. What song has special significance to legend Barry Manilow on the Fourth of July?

A.  “Let Freedom Ring”
B.Yankee Doodle Dandy”
C. “I Write The Songs”
D. “America The Beautiful”
E. “Mandy”

Answer: Barry Manilow sang his composition “Let Freedom Ring” on the 2009 A Capitol Fourth.  He said he always dreamed of singing the song at the U.S. Capitol.

4th of July – Trivia Quiz

Take the Quiz today.  Check back later for the answers.

Washington D.C.
The mall and the Washington monument in Washington D.C.

1. Who designed the National Mall in Washington, D.C.?

A. Pierre L’Enfant
B. George Washington
C. Thomas Jefferson
D. John Adams

 

2. Who was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence, and why is his signature so large?

A. George Washington
B. Patrick Henry
C. John Hancock
D. Thomas Jefferson
E. John Adams

 

3. What famous character with a stars-and-stripes top hat has become a symbol of America?

A. Cat in The Hat
B. Uncle Sam
C. Captain America
D. Big Bird

 

The US Flag and the USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii.

The USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii.

4. On July 4th of what year did the 50-star American flag wave for the first time as Hawaii was granted statehood?

A. 1955
B. 1960
C. 1965
D. 1970

 

5. Which of our Founding Fathers created the blueprint for our Fourth of July celebrations by suggesting that the day be celebrated with “bonfires and illuminations from one end of this continent to the other” by succeeding generations of Americans?

A. George Washington
B. John Adams
C. Thomas Jefferson
D. John Hancock
E. Benjamin Franklin

 

6. What notable event occurred on July 4, 1848?

A. Boston’s first fireworks display
B. The State of New York emancipates its slaves
C. Construction begins on the Washington Monument
D. Centennial celebrations are held in the United States
E. The first public Fourth of July reception at the White House

 

7. About how many people were living in the colonies in July 1776?

A. 1.5 million
B. 22 million
C. 2 million
D. 2.5 million
E. 12 million

 

8. Only one president, Calvin Coolidge, was born on the Fourth of July. Three presidents died on that date. Who were they?

Baby in Patriotic cap - Photo by Erika Iurcovich Photography
Click here for this baby cap. Erika Iurcovich Photography

A. George Washington,Chester Arthur and James Monroe
B. Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson and Richard M. Nixon
C. Zachary Taylor, Ulysses Grant and Warren Harding
D. John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe
E. Harry Truman, Franklin Pierce and John Tyler

 

9. What American president said, “We dare not forget that we are the heirs of that first revolution?”

A. George Washington
B. John F. Kennedy
C. Abraham Lincoln
D. Dwight Eisenhower
E. Franklin Roosevelt

 

10. On July 4, 1976, Americans all over the country celebrated our nation’s 200th birthday. How many tons of fireworks were exploded in a magnificent display above the Washington Monument in Washington, DC?

A. 5
B. 24
C. 33

 

11. Which of John Philip Sousa’s compositions was designated the National March of the United States in 1987?

A. “The Liberty Bell”
B. “US Field Artillery”
C. “The Stars and Stripes Forever”
D. “The Washington Post March”

 

12. When Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” in 1814, it immediately became popular with the public. When was it adopted as our national anthem?

A. 1798
B. 1812
C. 1954
D. 1865
E. 1931

 

 

Gettysburg Address

Celebrating President Lincoln’s Birthday

The 16th president of the United States was born Feb. 12, 1809 in Hodgenville, Kentucky.  He later moved to Springfield, IL practicing law, eventually becoming prominent in politics.  President Abraham Lincoln’s  legacy is the preservation of the Union during the U.S. Civil War as well as the emancipation of slaves.

“Honest Abe” was also known for his quick wit as well as his speeches.  Here is one that many schoolchildren were required to memorize: The Gettysburg Address.

The President had been invited to give a “few appropriate remarks” during a ceremony to dedicate a cemetery for Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Gettysburg. Contrary to urban legend, he did not write this speech on the back of an envelope on his train ride to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.  In fact there were five known manuscripts of the speech.

Dedication of the Cemetery at Gettysburg

Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C.

The Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C

Abraham Lincoln
November 19, 1863

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

Trivia

Library of Congress print of President Abe Lincoln delivering the Gettysburg Address

On November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

In July 1913, over 50,000 Union and Confederate veterans held a reunion at Gettysburg National Military Park to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the battle.

The opening line “Four score and seven years ago,” is referred to the Declaration of Independence, written at the start of the American Revolution in 1776.

Politician Edward Everett delivered an oration for over two hours before Lincoln’s two minute delivery of the famous speech.

Two copies of the Address are within the Library of Congress, encased in specially designed, temperature-controlled, sealed containers with argon gas in order to protect the documents from oxidation and continued deterioration.[28]